Student Learning Outcomes (SLO)
SLO statements describe the knowledge, skills, abilities and attitudes students learn as a result of taking a class AND what students can DO with what they have learned. SLOs focus on the Big Picture to describe the broadest "over-arching" goals for the course.
Student learning outcomes are not what you are going to do to the student, but rather who, what, know or do as a result of an initiative, course, activity or service. Focus on the student, not the activity. To be measurable, (identifiable vs. countable), outcomes use action verbs such as demonstrate, articulate, illustrate, conduct, define, apply, compose, integrate, convince, create, plan, compare and summarize. Bloom’s Taxonomy is a useful tool for choosing action verbs that accurately describe a desired level of student learning.
Action Verb List
Blooms Taxonomy Cheat Sheet
Keep in mind three types of outcomes:
- Cognitive - knowledge related to a discipline Example: Students will be able to identify major muscles groups.
- Skills and abilities - physical and intellectual skills related to a discipline Example: Students will be able to solve calculation problems involving integers without a calculator.
- Affective - attitudes, behaviors and values related to a discipline Example: Students will apply effective language learning strategies.